The ultimate treatment option for treating knee osteoarthritis is surgery. This is when all the drug treatment shows no or less effectiveness in improving the condition in knee degeneration. Various types of surgery are performed best depending on the arthritic condition of the patient, health, life-style, personal preference as well as the surgeon’s opinions.
Knee osteotomy: this is advised in people with poor knee alignment has caused a great deal of wear and tear on just one side of the knee joint. This condition is called unilateral knee arthritis or asymmetrical knee arthritis. During this procedure surgeons cut remove a small wedge of bone or add a small wedge of natural bone graft or artificial bone material. It re-aligns the joint to shift more pressure onto the good joint of the knee and reduce wear and tear.
Knee arthroscopy: in this procedure surgeons insert a small camera and surgical tool to assess the joint degeneration due to osteoarthritis. They remove loose pieces of cartilage or bone. Remove inflamed synovial tissue. Use a saline solution to perform lavage to clean unwanted things that cause irritation and swelling.
Total knee replacement: this also called as arthroplasty. People with moderate to severe knee arthritis on whom all the drug treatment and other therapies have not worked in improvement of the condition then in such cases you might consider replacing the entire knee joint. The surgery involves cutting damaged ends of shin bone and thigh bone and using a prostheses like capping teeth. Prosthetic are either metal or a durable plastic polyethylene creating a functional knee joint.
Partial knee replacement: in this surgery only one of knee’s three compartments are replaced. It preserves the healthy part of the knee and treats the arthritically damaged part of the knee joint. It is less invasive procedure as compared to total knee replacement and requires less recovery time.
Cartilage repair: cartilage does heal properly when damaged. Due to body’s repair mechanism even if new cartilage grows it tends to be rough and bumpy and therefore less able to facilitate smooth movement at the joint. These procedures are appropriate for patients who have relatively small and very isolated area of articular cartilage damage. It’s usually found in people with sports injury and prevents them from future arthritis.