Joint pain is a widely felt ailment, with millions of Indians suffering from this often-incapacitating condition. The pain if for a longer time can be frustrating and debilitating causing immobility.

Does swelling accompany joint pain?

In medical terms joint pain is called arthralgia. This is very different from arthritis, which means inflammation of the joint, which causes warmth, redness and/or swelling of the joint along with pain. A joint can be painful without being swollen or inflamed, or it can be both painful and inflamed.

Depending on the activity and stress, the knee can support 2-5 times a person’s body weight. Chronic knee pain usually affects middle-aged and  older adults, has a deleterious effect on daily function and quality of life.

Why do only some people have joint pain?

There are some more serious disorders that may cause joint pain. The possible causes depend on age, injury or repeated stress. The reasons for joint pain in children are different to the possible causes for adults. Most people generally mistake the achy joints that come with arthritis as normal everyday pain.

Causes of knee pain

Chronic conditions

  • Osteoarthritis (OA)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
  • Fibromyalgia

Acute knee injury – cartilage or ligament injuries


  • Gout
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • General body infection
  • Menopause

Few food items that may trigger knee pain –

  • Sugar
  • Alcohol
  • Tobacco
  • Excess salt
  • Milk and dairy products
  • Fried and processed food

Because joint pain can be a symptom of a more serious condition, you don’t want to pass it off as an everyday nuisance. Most causes of joint pain are harmless and resolve without any long-term problems. However, some causes of joint pain like arthritis require treatment for a long time and cause long-term joint problems.