High Risk Of Developing Hip Osteoarthritis – Know Why?

March 25, 2021 in Hip Arthritis

People are at a great risk of developing hip osteoarthritis during their life time and most people who develop hip osteoarthritis show at least one of the factors said below –

Abnormality of hip joint: in some people you may observe a poor bone alignment. This may be genetic defect inherited in the family or may develop on its own over the years. This misalignment can eventually cause hip osteoarthritis. Condition that cause this poor hip joint alignment include hip dysplasia, hip dislocation etc.

Hip injury/ trauma: a broken hip bone or the labrum which is a piece of tough cartilage that is around the hip’s socket or other traumatic condition like fall or road traffic accidents, injury due to any physical activity can lead to symptoms of hip OA years later.

History of high impact activity: even though exercise is a best recommended to cure osteoarthritis still some evidence suggest that elite sport activities who participate for years in direct impact sports like hockey/ football are at risked risk of developing OA. Similarly famers too fall under this category because of hard-core manual labour. They too are at a major risk of developing hip OA in later stages of life.

Declining age: every person grows old someday. With that come health related problems as aging is nothing but slower growing of newer cells throughout the body. Over a certain time period, hip cartilage experiences wear & tear and becomes thin and stiff, hand and less flexible. The age group found prevalent for this disease condition are 60 years and above.

Obesity: hip joint is a weight bearing joint. Hence even an addition of 5 kg in your total BMI increases a lot of weight on the hip joint. It is considered to be one of the causative factors. As osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease and symptoms can be observed in later stages of life. It becomes difficult to lose weight with painful joint.

Female gender: woman are considered to have about a greater risk of developing hip osteoarthritis as compared to men.

Hip : One Of The Largest Joint In The Body

March 25, 2021 in Hip Arthritis

The hip is one of the largest joints in the body. It is a ‘ball-and socket’ joint. It is formed by the acetabulum, which is part of the large pelvis bone. The ball is the femoral head, which is the upper end of the femur that is thigh bone. This ball & socket joint are covered with articular cartilage, a smooth & slippery substance that protects and cushions the bones and enables them for easier movement. There a thin film called the synovium. It produces small amount of fluid that lubricates the cartilage and supports movements.

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative type of arthritis that occurs most often in people 50 years of age & above. Although there isn’t a rule for this and it can affect younger generation as well .In osteoarthritis, the cartilage in the hip joint gradually wears away over time. As the cartilage wears away, it become rough and the protective joint space between the bones ceases. Eventually without any lubricant or soft tissue in between two bones the joint bones rub on each other. To make up for the lost cartilage, the damaged bones may start to grow outward and form bone spur called osteophytes. This leads to painfulness hip joint and the pain worsens over time.

The primary enzymes responsible for the degradation of cartilage are the matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs).These enzymes are secreted by both synovial cells and chondrocytes.

Osteoarthritis is characterised by breakdown of major molecules such as collagen and triggered by enzymatic activity in which MMP plays a dominant role. At different clinical stages of the disease the changes observed in OA include a variable degree of synovial inflammation.

Although OA can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hip and spine. The symptoms can usually be managed, but damage to the joints can’t be reversed.

Food And Joint Health

March 25, 2021 in Food And Health

Selection of healthy unsaturated fats, omega 3 – fish, avocado, olives, nuts and seeds

Fish it out: variety of fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, sardines and trout are rich in omega-3 fatty acids that have potent anti-inflammatory effects. These fishes have shown to decrease levels of specific compounds related to inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acid reduces pain intensity, morning stiffness and use of painkillers in patients with arthritis.

Curvy like garlic: these have anti-inflammatory effects that decrease arthritis pain. Garlic enhances function of certain immune cells to help strengthen the immune system. It reduces risk of hip arthritis.

Pungent as ginger: who doesn’t like burst of ginger flavour in teas and soups. The components of ginger block the production of substances that promote inflammation in the body. Consuming ginger in fresh, powdered / dried form reduces inflammation and helps in arthritis reduction.

Dark greens: it’s an open secret that broccoli is one of the healthiest food. Broccoli contains important components that help reduce symptoms of arthritis. A compound found in broccoli sulforaphane, blocks the formation of cells involved in arthritis development.

Nuts & buts’: walnuts and almonds are nutrient-dense and loaded with compounds that help reduce inflammation associated with joint diseases. Walnuts are high in omega-3s, which could alleviate arthritis symptoms as well as inflammation.

Merry berries: tons of antioxidants, vitamins and minerals are crammed into each serving of berries; they have unique ability to decrease inflammation. Berries contain quercetin and rutin that benefit your health, both these components block some of the inflammatory processes associated with arthritis.

Snatch spinach: higher intake of leafy green vegetables lowers inflammatory levels. Spinach has plenty of antioxidants that help fight the disease. Spinach contains kaempferol which decreases the effects of the inflammatory agents associated with arthritis.

Grab grapes: skin of grape fruit contains antioxidant properties resveratrol. It helps in preventing the thickening of the joints associated with arthritis by blocking the formation of rheumatoid arthritis cells.

Olive oil:  it has many favourable effects on arthritis symptoms. Use of olive oil in cooking helps stop the development of arthritis, reduce joint swelling, slow cartilage destruction.

Turn to turmeric: the chemical curcumin in the turmeric blocks certain enzymes and cytokines that lead to inflammation. It is a supportive treatment for arthritis.

Green tea: the substance called epigallocatechin-3-gallet (EGCG) inhibits inflammation by reducing inflammatory cytokine production and damage to fatty acid in your body.

Bell peppers: chilli peppers and bell pepper are rich in quercentin, ferulic acid and other antioxidants with strong anti-inflammatory effect.

Dark chocolate: it is delicious, rich and satisfying. Flavanols present in the dark chocolate’s anti-inflammatory effects keep the cells around your joint healthy.