Your physical therapist will explain the benefits of exercise, the importance of increasing overall daily physical activity, and how to protect the hip joint while walking, sitting, climbing stairs, and standing, carrying loads, and lying in bed.
Passive movement to increase joint flexibility: Hip OA and the surgery that comes with can be a lot painful and restrictive. But staying under restriction of movements can lead to other unwanted, unwelcome problems. Your physical therapist will choose specific activities and provide with treatment to restore normal movement in the leg and hip. This might begin with passive motion in which you can gently move your leg and hip joint and further progress to active stretches and manual therapy techniques that gently stretch your joint and the muscles around it.
Use of assistive device: As the name suggest they are for your support. It stops you from being dependent on anyone else. It minimises your risk of fall because of imbalance and fractures because of falls. It can be indicative sign for people around you to be more careful and maintain a safe distance while passing by on the road.
Exercise therapy: It’s an effective treatment modality for hip OA. Specific exercise for your hip joint can increase risk of motion and flexibility as well as strengthen the muscles of the hip and leg. Physiotherapist with the patient can develop an individualized, customized exercise programme that meets the needs and lifestyle of the patient. The benefits the patient can get are self-management of hip osteoarthritis.
Hydrotherapy: Aquatic exercises have proved to be beneficial for some people with hip OA. It is usually taken under water with the water temperature of 32-360C. The water is believed to reduce pain and stiffness of the musculoskeletal system and cause muscle relaxation.
Stance and balance: Physiotherapy improves the patient’s stance and balance with rigorous exercise as advised by the physiotherapist. A day–to–day work out with your therapist makes you active, independent to carry out daily activities, improve in stamina and flexibility and strengthen your joints.
Joint pain is a widely felt ailment, with millions of Indians suffering from this often-incapacitating condition. The pain if for a longer time can be frustrating and debilitating causing immobility.
Does swelling accompany joint pain?
In medical terms joint pain is called arthralgia. This is very different from arthritis, which means inflammation of the joint, which causes warmth, redness and/or swelling of the joint along with pain. A joint can be painful without being swollen or inflamed, or it can be both painful and inflamed.
Depending on the activity and stress, the knee can support 2-5 times a person’s body weight. Chronic knee pain usually affects middle-aged and older adults, has a deleterious effect on daily function and quality of life.
Why do only some people have joint pain?
There are some more serious disorders that may cause joint pain. The possible causes depend on age, injury or repeated stress. The reasons for joint pain in children are different to the possible causes for adults. Most people generally mistake the achy joints that come with arthritis as normal everyday pain.
Causes of knee pain
Chronic conditions –
- Osteoarthritis (OA)
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
Acute knee injury – cartilage or ligament injuries
- Vitamin D deficiency
- General body infection
Few food items that may trigger knee pain –
- Excess salt
- Milk and dairy products
- Fried and processed food
Because joint pain can be a symptom of a more serious condition, you don’t want to pass it off as an everyday nuisance. Most causes of joint pain are harmless and resolve without any long-term problems. However, some causes of joint pain like arthritis require treatment for a long time and cause long-term joint problems.
Use walker/cane for support: A walker or cane helps ensure that a person does not fall or dislocate or damage the new hip. The people around you are also careful while walking by a person using a cane or walker. It signals to be cautious. Hence strangers in public places are generally less likely to bump, jostle or startle a person using a cane or walker. This reduces dependency of leaning on other member of family or friends while walking. Over the time dependency on cane and walker decreases.
Make goals with physiotherapist: A physiotherapist is a friend in need and helps a patient achieve certain rehabilitation goals. A physiotherapist can help with improving the restricted movements after surgery. The therapist will lead you to become active and help achieve earlier strength and stamina. Patients who attend their physical therapy appointments and do their prescribed exercises tend to recover more quickly and have much better outcomes.
Obey movement restriction: After the surgery happens, it comes with a lot of restrictions like bending movement. Do not cross your legs while sitting, do not lift legs to put on socks and much more. These movement restrictions protect the new hip from dislocation. After surgery with new hip, chances of dislocation increases. Hip dislocation is very painful and causes potentially serious problems than can lead you to have a second surgery.
Avoid getting infection: Infection occurs with an open cut. Try avoiding it by exposing your wound of surgery to water. While bathing wrap a plastic bag to protect the dressing or opt for a sponge bath for few days until the wound becomes dry. Complete the course of antibiotics prescribed by your surgeon. In case of pain or discolouration at wound site contact your physician immediately.
Treat prolonged pain: Hip surgeries are major and complicated surgery. It can keep you immobile for weeks and with proper rest come adequate sleep. The incision area can also cause swelling and pain. Use an OTC painkiller for a peaceful sleep and better healing and rest. Hot heating pads or cold compression can be used for soothing effect and reducing the pain.